Patient Education

Tarsal Coalition

Tarsal coalition develops between the tarsal bones found in the back of the foot due to an abnormal connection between two of the tarsal bones. Tarsal bones include the heel…

Patient Education

Spurs

Spurs are outgrowths of bone. In the feet, they most commonly occur in the heel, but they can also grow near the toes and on the joint of the big…

Patient Education

Overlapping and Underlapping Toes

Overlapping and underlapping toes occur when toes are out of position. The conditions can be congenital due to inheritance or the fetus’s in-utero position, or they can develop over time…

Patient Education

Metatarsalgia

Metatarsalgia is characterized by acute pain in the ball of the upper foot region, or the area between the foot’s arch and toes. There are five metatarsal bones running down…

Patient Education

Mallet Toe

Mallet toe happens when the joint at the tip of the toe remains bent and unable to straighten. The condition, caused by arthritis and bone and muscle imbalances, can be…

Patient Education

Jackson-Weiss Syndrome

Jackson-Weiss syndrome is a rare, genetic disorder that affects males and females alike. The disorder causes foot and skull abnormalities due to over-stimulated bone cell growth. On the feet, Jackson-Weiss…

Patient Education

Hammertoe

Hammertoe occurs when the second, third, or fourth toe bends at the middle joint, often as a result of wearing ill-fitting shoes. Genetics, arthritis, and muscle imbalance can also cause…

Patient Education

Hallux Varus

Hallux varus is a deformity of the big toe joint that results in the big toe pointing outward, or away from the other toes, whereas a bunion would cause the…

Patient Education

Hallux Rigidus

Hallux rigidus is a degenerative arthritis affecting the joint of the big toe that eventually causes the toe to become rigid, or unmovable. Over time, the toe’s motion decreases due…

Patient Education

Hallux Limitus

Hallux limitus, an arthritic condition of the hallux, or big toe, involves stiffness in the joint at the base of the big toe. Abnormal alignment of the first metatarsal bone…